Anti-Cytochrome C/CYCS Antibody
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Applications||IHC-P, IHC-F, ICC, WB|
|Product Name||Anti-Cytochrome C/CYCS Antibody|
|Storage & Handling||At -20°C for one year. After reconstitution, at 4°C for one month. It can also be aliquotted and stored frozen at -20°C for a longer time.Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.|
|Description||Rabbit IgG polyclonal antibody for Cytochrome c(CYCS) detection. Tested with WB, IHC-P, IHC-F, ICC in Human;Mouse;Rat.|
|Cite This Product||Anti-Cytochrome C/CYCS Antibody (Boster Biological Technology, Pleasanton CA, USA, Catalog # PA1118)|
|Contents/Buffer||Each vial contains 5mg BSA, 0.9mg NaCl, 0.2mg Na2HPO4, 0.05mg Thimerosal, 0.05mg NaN3.|
|Immunogen||A synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence at the C-terminus of human Cytochrome C(91-105 aa ERADLIAYLKKATNE), identical to the related mouse and rat sequences.|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
Assay Dilutions Overview
Immunocytochemistry , 0.5-1μg/ml, Human, -
Immunohistochemistry(Frozen Section), 0.5-1μg/ml, Human, Rat, Mouse
Immunohistochemistry(Paraffin-embedded Section), 0.5-1μg/ml, Human, Rat, Mouse, By Heat
Western blot, 0.1-0.5μg/ml, Human, Mouse, Rat
Boster's Secondary Antibodies And IHC, WB Kits
The following reagents are used to generate the images below.Boster recommends Enhanced Chemiluminescent Kit with anti-Rabbit IgG (EK1002) for Western blot, and HRP Conjugated anti-Rabbit IgG Super Vision Assay Kit (SV0002-1) for IHC(P), IHC(F) and ICC.
Images And Assay Conditions
Anti-Cytochrome C antibody, PA1118, IHC(P)
IHC(P): Rat Lung Tissue
Anti-Cytochrome C antibody, PA1118, IHC(F)
IHC(F): Rat Brain Tissue
Anti-Cytochrome C antibody, PA1118, ICC
ICC: A549 Cell
Anti-Cytochrome C antibody, PA1118, Western blotting
All lanes: Anti Cytochrome C (PA1118) at 0.5ug/ml
Lane 1: Rat Liver Tissue Lysate at 50ug
Lane 2: HELA Whole Cell Lysate at 40ug
Lane 3: MCF-7 Whole Cell Lysate at 40ug
Lane 4: HEPA Whole
Figure 5. IHC analysis of Cytochrome C using anti- Cytochrome C antibody (PA1118).
Cytochrome C was detected in paraffin-embedded section of human skeletal muscle tissues. Heat mediated antigen retrieval was performed in citrate buffer (pH6, epitope
Figure 6. IHC analysis of Cytochrome C using anti- Cytochrome C antibody (PA1118).
Cytochrome C was detected in paraffin-embedded section of rat kidney tissues. Heat mediated antigen retrieval was performed in citrate buffer (pH6, epitope retrieval s
Protein Target Info (Source: Uniprot.org)
|Protein Name||Cytochrome c|
|Alternative Names||Cytochrome c;CYCS;CYC;|
|Subcellular Localization||Mitochondrion intermembrane space. Loosely associated with the inner membrane.|
|Molecular Weight||11749 MW|
*if product is indicated to react with multiple species, protein info is based on the human gene.
|Protein Function||Electron carrier protein. The oxidized form of the cytochrome c heme group can accept an electron from the heme group of the cytochrome c1 subunit of cytochrome reductase. Cytochrome c then transfers this electron to the cytochrome oxidase complex, the final protein carrier in the mitochondrial electron-transport chain.|
|Research Areas||Human, Mouse, Rat
*You can search these to find other products in these research areas.
|Background||Cytochrome C is located in the mitochondria of all aerobic cells and is involved in the electron transport system. Human cytochrome c has 104 amino acid residues and a molecular weight of 11,458 and is mapped to 7p15.2. Cytochrome c released from mitochondria has been proposed to be an essential component of an apoptotic pathway responsive to DNA damage and other forms of cell stress. And it has a role in different apoptotic signaling cascades.|
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Q: Do you offer BSA-free antibodies? Keyword: Bovine serum albumin, carrier protein, conjugationA: Yes, please contact us at [email protected] for more information about BSA-free antibodies and availability. The new BSA-free formula uses trehalose as a replacement to BSA. We have tested many alternative chemicals and found that trehalose protects the antibodies the best.
Q: Is your western blot protocol provided from the website applicable for all your antibodies? Keyword: applications, WBA: The protocol is applicable for all our antibodies in WB, the NC Membrane(0.45μm or 0.22μm) and transfer time(70 mins or 50 mins) depends on the protein molecular weight, details can be found in included protocol.
Q: Can I conjugate markers to this antibody? Can I link custom conjugates to this antibody? Keyword: conjugationA: The antibody is stored with BSA and cannot be conjugated with markers. Carrier free antibodies are available upon request. Please contact [email protected]
Q: What should I use for negative control?A: Please contact us for negative control suggestions. You can also check expression databases such as genecards, uniprot etc. Due to logistic reasons, we do not sell serum or lysates that we use internally for positive or negative control.
Q: Where can I find troubleshooting information? What should I do if I have unexpected bands, high background, no signal, weak signalA: You can find Boster's troubleshoot guides under tech support tab. Please contact us for further assistance on troubleshooting your experiment.
Q: What is the immunogen sequence of this antibody? Is this antibody polyclonal or monoclonal?A: You can find the immunogen sequence under "
Q: What is the expected band size? Why is it different than the observed band size?A: The expected band size is predicted on the size of the protein. The actual band size may be affected by a few other factors including but not limited to:<br>1. Post-translational modification:phosphorylation, methylation, glycosylation etc. These modifications prevent SDS molecules from binding to the target protein and thus make the band size appear larger than expected<br>2. Post-translational cleavage: this can cause smaller bands and or multiple bands <br><br>3. Alternative splicing: the same gene can have alternative splicing patterns generating different size proteins, all with reactivities to the antibody. <br><br>4. Amino Acid R chain charge: SDS binds to positive charges. The different size and charge of the Amino Acid side chains can affect the amount of SDS binding and thus affect the observed band size.<br>5. Multimers: Multimers are usually broken up in reducing conditions. However if the interactions between the multimers are strong, the band may appear higher., <br>
Q: What is the suggested dilution ratio for Western Blot (WB), Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and or ELISA standards? What is the optimal pH for the sample?A: Check the datasheet for the product for details on dilution ratios for different experiments. You can find the datasheet button on the right side of the product page.
Q: What is the protocol you used for your Western blotting (WB) and Immunohistochemistry (IHC)?A: Check our protocols under the tech support tab.